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During the revolution of 1918–1919, the name 'Wilsonov' or 'Wilsonstadt' (after President Woodrow Wilson) was proposed by American Slovaks, as he supported national self-determination.The name Bratislava, which had been used only by some Slovak patriots, became official in March 1919 with the aim that a Slavic name could support the demands that the city should be part of Czechoslovakia.Bordering Austria and Hungary, it is the only national capital that borders two sovereign states.and has been home to many Slovak, Hungarian and German historical figures.Before World War I, the city had a population that was 42% German, 41% Hungarian and 15% Slovak (1910 census, the population was influenced by Magyarization).The first post war census in 1919 declared the city's ethnic composition at 36% German, 33% Slovak and 29% Hungarian but this may have reflected changing self-identification, rather than an exchange of peoples.
The first known permanent settlement of the area began with the Linear Pottery Culture, around 5000 BC in the Neolithic era.
The medieval settlement Brezalauspurc (literally: Braslav's castle) is sometimes attributed to Bratislava, but the actual location of Brezalauspurc is under scholarly debate.
The city's modern name is credited to Pavel Jozef Šafárik's misinterpretation of Braslav as Bratislav in his analysis of mediaeval sources, which led him to invent the term Břetislaw, which later became Bratislav.
Clockwise from top left: View of Bratislava from the castle, St.
Michael's Gate in the Old Town, Eurovea shopping complex, Primate's Palace, Hviezdoslav Square, Bratislava castle and the Danube riverbank at night.
A few returned after the war, but were soon expelled without their properties under the Beneš decrees, After the Communist Party seized power in Czechoslovakia in February 1948, the city became part of the Eastern Bloc.