Dating the new testament books
John wrote after reflecting on his encounter with Christ for many years.
With that insight, near the end of his life John sat down and wrote the most theological of all the Gospels.
One would be writing about you as a parent, another as a child growing up, one as a professional, and one as a peer. 60-70; John is the final gospel, written between A. The first three Gospels prophesied the fall of the Jerusalem Temple which occurred in A. The most plausible explanation is that it had not yet occurred at the time Matthew, Mark, and Luke were written. Also, the time is too short for legends to develop.
Each may include different stories or see the same event from a different angle, but their differences would not mean they are in error. In the book of Acts, the Temple plays a central role in the nation of Israel. Historians agree it takes about two generations, or eighty years, for legendary accounts to establish themselves.
Skeptics have criticized the Gospels, the first four books of the New Testament, as being legendary in nature rather than historical.
They point to alleged contradictions between Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
The documentary evidence for the New Testament far surpasses any other work of its time. Third, ninety percent of Jesus' teachings and sayings use mnemonic methods similar to those used in Hebrew poetry.
We have over 5000 manuscripts, and many are dated within a few years of their authors' lives. An important manuscript is the Chester Beatty Papyri. Fourth, Jesus trained His disciples to teach His lessons even while He was on earth.
When I am speaking with Muslims or Mormons, we often come to a point in the discussion where it is clear the Bible contradicts their position.As with the internal evidence, the external evidence also supports a first century date. Jose Callahan discovered a fragment of the Gospel of Mark and dated it to have been written in A. New Testament scholar Darrell Bock states that the Jewish culture was "a culture of memory." First, Jesus used the Old Testament prophets' practice of proclaiming the word of God which demanded accurate preservation of inspired teaching.Fortunately, New Testament scholars have an enormous amount of ancient manuscript evidence. Second, Jesus' presentations of Himself as Messiah would reinforce among His followers the need to preserve His words accurately.Because of their differences, the four Gospels actually give us a fuller and richer picture of Jesus. Imagine if four people wrote a biography on your life: your son, your father, a co-worker, and a good friend. It is strange that these three Gospels predict this major event but do not record it happening. Early dating allows for eyewitnesses to still be alive when the Gospels were circulating to attest to their accuracy.
They would each focus on different aspects of your life and write from a unique perspective. The internal evidence supports these early dates for several reasons. Why do they not mention such an important prophetic milestone? The apostles often appeal to the witness of the hostile crowd, pointing to their knowledge of the facts as well (Acts , ).
The internal evidence presents a strong case for the early dating of the Gospels. Another is the Rylands Papyri that was found in Egypt that contains a fragment of John, and dates to A. Since the vast majority of scholars agree that John is the last gospel written, we can affirm its first century date along with the other three with greater assurance. Another line of evidence is the writings of the church fathers. in which he quoted from the Gospels and other portions of the N. Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch, wrote a letter before his martyrdom in Rome in A. The evidence shows that in oral cultures where memory has been trained for generations, oral memory can accurately preserve and pass on large amounts of information. I studied under a Greek professor who had the Gospels memorized word perfect.